Tweak the default color look of your camera

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The Color Editor allows you to tweak and optimize the colors in an image. You can also use it to tweak the general color look of your camera and create a new default color ICC profile

The default colors for a supported camera in Capture One are made by analyzing a large number of images including images of color targets as well as real world images.

The default colors in Capture One are designed to be a compromise between precise but yet pleasing colors. The colors of the real world have a very large dynamic range. The default colors in Capture One takes this large dynamic range into account to ensure that colors look natural from the deep shadows all the way up to when data starts clipping in the highlight.

Create a new default color profile

In the days of analog photography people had different preferences for what film they would use for their cameras. Also today photographers have different preferences for the default color rendition. Some, for instance, prefer the colors to be vivid and saturated, others prefer the colors to be natural or others like a warm overall tone.

With the Color Editor in Capture One you have a powerful tool, which allows you to tweak and optimize the colors in an image. But you can also use the Color Editor to tweak the general color look of your camera and create a new default color ICC profile.

Getting the White Balance right to begin with

Before you start tweaking the default colors for your camera make sure that your White Balance is right. All colors are depending on the White Balance, so this is essentially the foundation for creating a good color profile.

If you are using Auto WB (White Balance) on your camera, make a test shot of a quality White Balance card at noon to make sure that your auto WB works well. Some cameras have the option to fine-tune the Auto WB. At noon on a sunny day the WB chart should give a neutral reading, which means same value in R, G and B channel +/- 1 or 2 values. If you mostly work with Flash or in daylight, it can be a good idea to generate a custom WB for your camera. This will guarantee that the WB is perfect for your specific camera and not based on an average camera, something many camera manufactures do.

Making a new default color ICC profile

In the example below I will make a new default color ICC profile for a camera, resulting in a profile that gives me a deeper blue sky.

I have taken an image of the Phase One headquarters and the typical blue sky I would like to change for the camera. I made sure to include an image of a quality White Balance card. I don’t have to use the same image, but it needs be shot under the same lighting conditions.

As I will be doing visual adjustments to the image, and these adjustments later will be used as a new default look for my camera, it is important that my monitor is working well and is well calibrated.

These are the steps I take to create a new default camera ICC profile:

  1. I start by setting the White Balance by pointing at the neutral patch on my WB card with the White balance picker. The most neutral patch on the Color Checker Chart is the second brightest patch. If the WB card is not part of the image with the blue sky then copy and paste the WB setting from the image with the WB card to the image with the blue sky.Tip721 Img2 copy
  2. In the Color Editor I select the Advanced Tool tab in the Color Editor Tool and use the color picker to pick the color of the blue sky.
  3. In the Color Editor I use the “Full Slice” icon to expand the color selection to cover all blue tones from natural to full saturation. In the image below the “Full Slice” icon is indicated by the circle on the right-hand side.Tip721 Img3 copy
  4. I check the “View selected color range” box (indicated by the circle on the left-hand side) to make sure that my selection actually covers the whole blue color range of the sky. The “View selected color range” will show the selected color in color but all other colors will be shown in black and white.  Once I am satisfied with the selected color range, I uncheck it again.
  5. Now I use the Hue, Saturation and Lightness slider to achieve the kind of blue sky I prefer. In this case I need to change the hue +7, add a little extra saturation +7.6 and lover the lightness a bit by -5. It is not a huge change I make, but enough to give me my preferred blue sky color.Tip721 Img4
  6. In the Color Editor’s toolbar I select the Action Menu, the last item shown with the “arrow down” icon, to get to the “Save as ICC Profile… ” option (marked with a circle in the image below)Tip721 Img5 copy
  7. When saving the ICC profile the tool gives you a default name for the ICC profile that includes the name of the camera used. Capture One uses this name including the dash to make sure that the new profile will show up in the ICC selector for files made with this camera. I make sure to keep the first part of the suggested name and change the last part of the name to Landscape, as I will be using this profile for landscape images.Tip721 Img6
  8. I select another image from the same camera and select the Base Characteristics Tool. When I open the ICC Profile dropdown menu I can now choose the brand new ICC profile “ Landscape”.Tip721 Img7
  9. From the tool menu in the base characteristics tool I select the “Save as default”.  The “Landscape” profile will be used as the new default profile for all new images I bring in to Capture One from this camera.Tip721 Img8

I have now changed my default colors for my camera. If I at any time later decide to go back to the original default color profile I can from the Action menu in the Base Characteristics Tool and just select “ Reset Defaults for …”

All the best,

Niels

 

 

The Image Quality Professor

Niels V. Knudsen

Niels V. Knudsen is Phase One’s Image Quality Professor. He is responsible for breakthrough advancements in image quality both in Phase One’s medium format camera systems and in its digital imaging software.

37 thoughts on “Tweak the default color look of your camera

  1. Schweitzer Leonard

    I downloaded a trial of Capture One, newest version, 2 weeks ago and though it opens, it doesn’t function , that is, I can open an image, but no editing can be accomplished. What am I missing?

    Reply
    1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

      Hi Leonard,

      Sorry to hear that you can’t get the trial to work. Unfortunately I can’t quite figure out what the problem is without having more details.
      We have an excellent support team, which will help you get up and running really quickly. Please get in contact with http://www.phaseone.com/en/SupportMain.aspx

      And let me know, if that doesn’t solve the problem.

      All the best,
      Niels

      Reply
  2. Rodolfo

    Hello Niels. Great information as always. Can this also be done in Capture One 7 Express?

    Reply
    1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

      Hi Rodolfo,

      Thanks a lot for your kind words. I am very pleased that you like the posts!!
      Unfortunately this can only be done in Capture One Pro 7.

      All the best,
      Niels

      Reply
  3. Dr Thomas P Bligh

    I hope you can help. I have a 762mm (30″) Hp monitor HP LP3065 which I run at 2561 x 1600. It is about 4 years old and I am not sure of its colour accuracy and am thinking of getting a new one as my wife wants to use this one.

    At this, or better resolution, which monitors should I look at, that are this size.

    Many thanks for your help.

    Best wishes,

    Thomas P

    Reply
    1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

      Hi Thomas,

      Choosing the right monitor is not an easy question to answer. I will go through give some of my experience working and calibrating a number of different monitors.

      The more accurate your monitor is without custom calibration, the better it will work for you. My experience is that even though there are many different monitor calibration solutions on the market, none of those I have tested works well if a lot of correction has to take place.
      You will be surprised to see how different results you achieve on the same monitor by using the different calibration solutions. Also monitors that have a very large color gamut may sound appealing in the first place, but they can be almost impossible to calibrate.

      So my advice is to get a quality monitor designed for handling quality images and get an external monitor calibration tool. If the monitor is almost perfect from the factory, then the calibration tool only needs to do minor adjustments, which can easily be achieved by almost any calibration tool.

      Personally I use a number of monitors ranging from very expensive models down to quite cheap models. For my selection of monitors both the expensive and the cheaper one has their strenght over the other. One has an extremely deep black, but is very sensitive for the viewing angle. Other is more precise from the factory, but lacks the deep blacks.

      I calibrate the monitors approximately 2 times a year and I rarely see any changes in the profiles. It is more likely that the latest version of my profiling tool suddenly changes the profile, rather than it is the monitor that has changes.

      Hope that helps.

      All the best,
      Niels

      Reply
        1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

          Hi Thomas,

          Unfortunately, I cannot recommend any monitors here, as it might affect any future dialogue with the manufacturers, whose products I don’t endorse.
          If we ever run into each other at a seminar, I would be able to tell you more.

          All the best,

          Niels

          Reply
  4. Brian

    just got capture one 7
    and i need my files , imported and developed with their raw file number so I can locate them again.
    I can only find counters and different camera information that i dont need in a file name….Where do I turn my raw name on….. so i have them on my raw files AND my developed files?

    Best wishes
    Brian

    Reply
      1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

        Hi Brian,

        Good to hear that you solved the issue. Don’t hesitate to write me, if you have any other questions.

        All the best,
        Niels

        Reply
  5. Andre

    Is or will there be a possibility to create icc profiles with the use of a full IT8 or colorchecker target?

    Reply
    1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

      Hi Andre,

      Not at the moment unfortunately. We will take that into consideration for future releases.

      All the best,
      Niels

      Reply
      1. Andre

        I can’t wait until this will be realised, now I have to go to ACR to create an icc profile from a Colorchecker target. This breaks up my workflow. Any other photographers who run into this?

        regards, Andre

        Reply
        1. Martin Ekwall

          Andre,
          For curiosity, do you then import that ICC profile to Capture One? If so does the color looks good in C1 when using that ICC profile?
          (My experience is that often ACR has a reddish tint at least for Canon pictures that is very hard to get around.) I bought a QP card with great hopes but couldnt utilize it at least for C1, haven´t tried it with ACR.

          Best regards, Martin

          Reply
      2. Christophe

        Hi Neils,

        I totally agree with Andre, Capture one pro need to integrate as soon as possible this solution, to create a profile ICC from the colorchecker target or other. For photographer which work in studio or any other way, it is very important for the workflow.

        Regards

        Christophe

        Reply
    1. Richard Mui

      That would DEFINITELY help a lot! I am using Nikon D3s and D800 for my jobs concurrently and despite setting my WB religiously I’m still getting much warmer colors from the D3s body. So for every job I have to fine-tune my color settings for critical work and quite honestly this really shouldn’t be the case and this is where CaptureOne is really lacking behind!

      Reply
      1. Richard Mui

        Oops…sorry this reply was meant to follow Andre’s comment on setting up custom color profile with Colorchecker target…

        Reply
  6. Pingback: Move your custom-made ICC profiles to other computers | PhaseOne

  7. Andre

    Hi Martin,

    No I stick to ACR from then on to get concistency.

    To complicated to switch between apps, you don’t really know how the icc profiles are handled from one app to the other.

    I think an app with the stature of C1 should be able to create icc-profiles from the standard color cards.

    Reply
  8. Dutch

    I agree, I would love to see ColorChecker profiling like ACR in C1. Plz move to top of future request list :-)

    Reply
    1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

      Hi Dutch and all,

      Thanks a lot for all your comments regarding this topic. I just wanted to elaborate a bit.

      In my opinion it’s not that simple to create amazing colour profiles from a colour checker target. I agree that it would be very convenient to have this option, and it would work well for flat art reproduction, but it’s a much bigger challenge when it comes to the real 3D world, where you have a much higher dynamic range, higher saturation and many smooth tone transitions. In one of my next posts I will cover all the challenges of creating colour profiles for a camera.

      All the best,
      Niels

      Reply
      1. Andre

        Hi Niels,

        I do a lot of flat art reproduction so indeed it would be very convenient for me.

        Although “real world” photographs do give a bigger challange to create a perfect profile, creating a profile from a color target could give a starting point to great color.

        Andre

        Reply
        1. Andrea

          Hi all, i have solved the problem with a trick: i had to create a color profile for my mf Kodak DCS PRO Back (magenta casts).

          I’m writing a small tutorial on it (tell me Niels if i can send it to you in order to publish it).

          In a few steps:
          - Shoot the colorchecker card
          - Set the White Balance
          - For each one of the color squares i create a different color adjustment (Advanced Color Adjust) in order to adjust it’s color numeric values (HLS) according to a standard Macbeth table.

          And voilà, colors are fine.

          Reply
          1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

            Hi Andrea,

            That is definitely a good way to create a color profile. If you share your tutorial, I’d be happy to take a look at it and publish it.

            Thanks,

            All the best,
            Niels

  9. Simon

    Hi Niels,

    Does the basic color editor tab in Express 7 work i.e. the color editor drop down tab in Express 7 does not enable any function at all for me, as I understand it there are basic and advanced functions.

    Much thanks!

    Reply
  10. Simon

    Hi again, I think I got it solved. For some whim I right-clicked on the arrow and then left-clicked and it expanded….

    Maybe, maybe not the ‘corrective’ action, but for some reason it worked for me.

    Thanks

    Reply
  11. Marcus

    Hi!

    A few weeks ago I switched to Capture One. I would like to see a tool to create color profiles for my cameras based on a color target like e.g. Colorchecker build into the software. I know that X-Rite took a different approach since they are using DNG-Profiles.

    The problem for a typical user like me is that we invested in calibration software and hardware (monitors, measurement devices, targets) and still suffer from incorrect colors.

    Every manufacturer provides ICC profiles for their products. But there is always a deviation since the profiles are not generated individually. I don’t know the Phase One production process but I assume that this is the same with the digital backs.

    Even when then ICC profile is generated specifically for the camera there are a number of constraints. The response of the sensor to color in different circumstances for example or the change in dynamic response. There are many situations where it is an easy way to use a color target like colorchecker passport to generate or to tweak the profile.

    For me the main problem ist to get the right values for my target since every target has to be measured individually and I found no manufacturer that provides the data for each target. There professional tools wich cost 300 € and more and I would invest the money but it’s far to oversized for me since it takes to much time to learn alle the settings and the workflow.

    Please think about a solution for a better integration for profiling targets liken Colorchecker. It’s not important to generate ICC-Profiles a kind of a subset like DNG would help too.

    Kind regards

    Marcus

    Reply
  12. Mike

    Hi Niels,
    YES, Capture One SHOULD be able to create ICC profiles using Color Checker cards.
    It’s The Thing #1 in my wishlist.
    To be honest I almost never use the app as a raw converter due to just bad built-in ICC profiles for cameras.
    Do excuse me for such words, but… I see what I see with my eyes.
    I currently use D4 and D800E bodies and, honestly, the outputs from raws using ANY available built-in profile be it “native” for the body or designed for another camera are VERY disappoiting. Other raw converters DO IT BETTER.
    By the way, CO1 Color Editor almost doesn’t help in this case – fixing one problem gives others…
    Again excuse my unpleasant words, but my wishes are
    THE BEST.
    Mike.

    Reply
    1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

      Hi Mike,

      We are sorry to hear that you are not happy with the built-in ICC profiles.
      It would be great, if you could send me an example illustrating this, and I’ll look into it.

      You can send the example via http://www.phaseone.com/en/SupportMain.aspx

      All the best,
      Niels

      Reply
  13. Mike

    Hi Niels,
    Thank you so much for your attention and your kind offer of help. I’m sorry I couldn’t reply immediatley. I’m gonna send you the examples later tonight. Again thank you!
    And in relation to my previous post from 15.05.14
    I would like to say that I wrote of built-in ICC profiles ONLY. In all other senses Capture One 7 Pro is just outstanding application which I currently use for tethered capture. And several days ago I bought one more Capture One 7 Pro license. It’s the best proof of these my words.
    Thank you in advance for you help.
    Best regards,
    Mike.

    Reply
    1. The Image Quality Professor Post author

      Hi Mike,

      Sounds good. I am looking forward to taking a look at the files you are sending.

      All the best,
      Niels

      Reply
  14. steve

    Hi Niels,
    I also use a d800 and d800e. I feel CO 7 is the best raw converter I have found but still don’t think my skin tones are very accurate. I always use a grey card and custom white balance. I am honestly thinking of getting a Canon 5d mark iii for my portrait work. Why is it so hard for all of the raw converters to deal with Nikon raw files? I never hear about this problem with Canon cameras. I know you don’t endorse or say anything bad about different brands but am I wrong to think that I can’t get as accurate of skin tones with Nikon as opposed to Canon?
    Steve

    Reply
    1. David Grover

      Hi Steve,

      In my experience I haven’t heard of a particular issue with skin tones from the D800. If you have any RAW files to share showing the issue then its best to send them to support.

      They can check if there is anything in error in the workflow pipeline and best advise.

      David

      Reply
  15. Mike

    Hi Niels, hi everyone at Phase One,

    MY SINCERE CONGRATULATIONS !

    I have already upgraded to Capture One Pro 8
    and very glad to say LOUDLY that it’s absolutely different creature.
    I mean built-in ICC profiles for Nikon D800E and D4 bodies, new engine and colors of the outputs.
    I didn’t have much time to test the app intensively and in details,
    but what I’ve already seen impressed me.
    The rendering of NEFs is just outstanding in every aspect,
    including very light, subtle skintones of people of white ethnicity -
    my main photographic subjects.
    No dought I will upgrade my second CO7P license too.

    Thank you for great job.

    All the best,
    Mike.

    Reply
  16. Hans

    Hi Niels,
    Thanks for this post. But I have some questions. I have a .dng file (from BlackMagic Cinema Camera) that I would like to make an ICC profile for. I’ve done quite some experimenting and find that C1 renders colors best and uses all available dynamic range and has very good noise reduction. The colors of the cinema camera need some tweaking though, skin tones in the darker areas are to red. And red tints are oversaturated.
    My question: when making an ICC profile, what ICC profile should I set in the tool ‘base characteristics’? Should it be the ‘camera RGB profile’? Or ‘Phase One Effects No color correction’?
    Is there any chance you will be adding cinema dng support or even moving images correction?
    Thanks, best regards,
    Hans

    Reply

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